Although avoiding intercourse is a foolproof way to avoid pregnancy, those who are sexually active can also reduce the chances of getting pregnant. It requires pre-planning and strictly following birth control methods. But that is not it; there are many things to consider and understand as well when couples are not ready for this new journey.
How To Avoid Chances Of Getting Pregnant?
1. Learn About Birth Control Options
Birth control pills are of two types- hormonal and non-hormonal. The first type prevents pregnancy by controlling hormones involved and requires a daily dose at the same time. These are available in pill form and can be taken only after medical prescription, depending upon each one’s health and lifestyle conditions.
Contrary to it, the non-hormonal option doesn’t have side effects and doesn’t affect body hormones. They are available for both men and women. They are 90% effective and prevent STDs as well.
2. Follow Schedule
Once you have decided which option to go with, be on schedule; in other words, taking pills on time as skipping may increase the chances of getting pregnant. This would be hard if you are too busy. Opt for ways that remind you to take pills, like scheduling a date and time on the mobile phone to get notifications daily. Or use applications that track your period and remind you about refilling pills.
3. Don’t Just Rely On Birth Control Pills
Although they are effective, it doesn’t give you 100 percent surety. You have to use extra protection (condoms) to avoid even the minute chances of getting pregnant. Ask your partner if they are okay with it. Either one of you should use it. Make sure that you know the correct way to use condoms. Never reuse it.
4. Use Emergency Contraception
In case you don’t want to use birth control pills, the emergency contraceptive method works best. These are also available in two forms- IUD and hormonal EC pills. One should always consume pills within 72 hours of sex and follow up to 5 days without skipping. IUD is inserted inside the body and acts as a barrier to prevent pregnancy. You would need a doctor’s advice for an IUD.
5. Permanent Solution
Couples who are okay without children can go for the permanent option that is sterilization. In this process, eggs are blocked to reach the uterus in women, and sperms are blocked to be released in men.
However, this process is not a complete way to reduce the chances of getting pregnant. Doctors may ask you to take birth control pills. Before opting for this method, talk with your partner because pregnancy is never a one person’s choice.
6. Pull Out Method
Not highly effective but used widely. This method involves the withdrawal of the penis just before ejaculation. It is 90% effective in case your partner is well aware of it, or else it will double up the risk of pregnancy.
7. Track Ovulation
Women can minimize the chances of getting pregnant by keeping track of the ovulation cycle. Having sexual intercourse when you are not ovulating is a risk-free method. However, one should be accurate in tracking and should be attentive as well.